Endoscopy Gastroenterology

Examination of the hollow organs with a soft, bendable device called gastroscopy and colonoscopy which has a high-resolution camera and a light source at its tip, is called endoscopy.

ENDOSCOPY (Gastroscopy – Colonoscopy)

In our digestive system examination; the examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum is called gastroscopy, and the examination of the small intestine and large intestine after the duodenum is called colonoscopy.

Gastrography and colonoscopy are very useful in many digestive system diseases which we cannot diagnose with ultrasonography, MRI and computerized tomography.

When to do Gastroscopy and Who Should Have It

  • Recurrent abdominal pain, cause of which cannot be explained.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Weight loss, anemia.
  • Nausea, vomiting, bloating.
  • Vomiting of blood.
  • Dark black stool.
  • Heartburn and acidic sensations in the stomach area, having bitter water in the mouth.
  • Intra-oral wounds.
  • Feeling like something is stuck in the esophagus.
  • Chronic liver diseases.
  • Patients who have previously had cancer, ulcers or operations of gastric polyps.
  • Patients with a family history of gastrointestinal system cancer.
  • Patients who have risky biopsy results.

When to Do Colonoscopy and Who Should Have It

  • Rectal bleeding.
  • Follow-up and treatment of intestinal polyps.
  • Unexplained abdominal pain.
  • Family history of colon CA (cancer).
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Iron deficiency anemia.
  • Bowel cancer operation.
  • Secret blood positivity in the stool.
  • Bloody, mucusy defecation.
  • Follow-up and treatment of Crohn, C. ulcerosa diseases.
  • Stool diameter thinning, defecation like goat droppings.
  • If there is a feeling of need to defecate but also not being able to defecate when trying to go the toilet.
  • Every healthy person over 50 years old.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Changes in bowel movements over 40 years of age (constipation, diarrhea attacks).
  • For those with bowel stenosis and filling defect on the bowel X-ray.

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