Internal Medicine

Hypertension (high blood pressure) What is this?

Hypertension (high blood pressure) What is this?

Hypertension refers to an excess of the required pressure to provide the blood pressure. Hypertension is a common disorder. Hypertension disease more common in societies where there is too much salt consumption. Families with hypertension than that, those under stress, the elderly, smokers and alcohol, fat people, who are at risk misfed. Permanent disability and death; various kidney, heart, blood vessel disease, stroke, and can lead to loss of vision. Hypertension often does not specify. Therefore, the person performing the measurement of blood pressure should be checked whether the hypertension.

Is Hypertension is a common disease?

20% of the population has hypertension. Above 55 years, the ratio is 50%. Therefore, individuals from all age segments of society must make at least once a year blood pressure control.

What are the types of hypertension?

Primary (essential) hypertension: primary cause of 90% of hypertension cases is unknown (essential) hypertension is called.

Secondary hypertension: kidneys disease (disorder of the kidney and blood vessels)
Various diseases of the cloth -Böbreküs
-Some Drugs (birth control pills, cortisone, cold remedies, etc.)
-Brain tumor or increased intracranial pressure
May be due to various reasons such as the use of Alcohols

How to treat hypertension?

Hypertension is not a permanent treatment. Treatment lasts a lifetime. Drug therapy administered to treat hypertension. Due to the normalization of blood pressure medication. Therefore avoid interruption of therapy and at least once a year should go to the doctor to control. Drug treatment of hypertension treatment, as well as regular diet, alcohol and tobacco consumption are not reducing the use of salt, regular physical exercise are also important. The Purpose; is to prevent death and disability in vital organs.